The Firebird–Igor Stravinsky
In 1909, 27-year-old Igor Stravinsky composed the score for The Firebird, a ballet that introduced Russian folklore to Parisian audiences. The Firebird also introduced the world to the young Stravinsky, who would become one of the most influential and versatile composers of the 20th century. Here he blends French and Russian orchestral techniques to craft a breathtaking score that is ominous and otherworldly in turn.
The Queen of the Night aria–Wolfgang Mozart
Opera is an essential component of the classical music tradition. Mozart’s opera “The Magic Flute” premiered just two months before his death in 1791. In the performance’s second act, the Queen of the Night famously sings “Hell’s vengeance boils in my heart” as she threatens to abandon and curse her daughter.
Mozart wrote this aria for his sister-in-law, Josepha Hofer. The tricky piece requires an agile soprano voice with an incredible command of the upper register.
The Planets–Gustav Holst
This iconic seven-movement suite shook the world upon its release in 1918. “The Planets” has inspired countless film scores–perhaps most notably John Williams’ “Stars Wars” theme. English composer Gustav Holst, a music director at a girls’ school, was inspired by the astrological personas of the seven known planets outside Earth.
He uses different orchestral styles to evoke the planets’ distinct moods. From Mars’ militant drums to Neptune’s ethereal choir, each movement paints a picture of a new world.
Symphony No.5–Ludwig van Beethoven
One cannot discuss classical music without Beethoven’s 5th Symphony. Its four opening notes alone are almost universally recognizable. The four-movement piece premiered unceremoniously, to an exhausted crowd in a freezing cold auditorium in 1808. Only later would it be recognized as a cornerstone of classical music, and perhaps the most legendary symphony ever written.
Beethoven was in his thirties when he crafted Symphony No.5, beset by increasing deafness and the chaos of the Napoleonic Wars in Vienna. From this turmoil emerged a musical masterpiece brimming with the spirit of human triumph.